In conclusion, while many people feel that being a moral person is reliant on religion, it is not the case. Those rewards being a place in heaven and also providing happiness and prosper throughout live on earth. In this essay I am going to be looking at all the different view points on why some people may think religion and morality are linked. Furthermore, Arthur defines moral code as having a tendency to evaluate (with or without expressing it) behavior of others and to also feel guilt or remorse when certain actions are preformed. Looking for a flexible role? In the not too distant past the practice of ‘sati’ was allowed rather inspired by the Hindu Dharma which was socially harmful. Philosophy So what does the relation between morality andreligion look like in Homer? The act of behaving fairly, as well as treating others with respect is far more important than any gain from cheating or stealing, and certainly more important than causing serious harm to someone. He feels that religion actually involves having a belief in “supernatural power(s) that created and perhaps also control nature, the tendency to worship and pray to those supernatural forces or beings, and the presence of organizational structures and authoritative texts” (78). What if someone sees me-what will he or she think? Regardless of the topic, subject or complexity, we can help you write any paper! In the words of Mathew Arnold, “Religion is morality touched with emotion.” Benjamin Kidd and most of the other moralists believed that religion and morality go together and that morality without religion has no solid foundation. We can start with the Greeks, and this means starting with Homer, abody of texts transmitted first orally and then written down in theseventh century BCE. One may wonder what society would be like if people did not follow any sort of social moral code. Perhaps, one was raised to be a decent being. In this definition, the descriptive usage, morality is created from society, philosophy, religion and/or conscience. Again, religion implies a relationship not only between man and man but also between man and some higher power while morality implies a relationship between man and man only. In a society without a moral code, the concepts of fairness and justice would not be present. A moral code refers to a particular system of morality in a certain religion, philosophy, culture among others. Therefore, morality is intimately associated with the philosophy which entails metaphysics that studies the entire universe. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! Study for free with our range of university lectures! As God is known as the creator of all and has intended that His plan shall be followed; it is said that only by living a life revolving around more code, only then can people live a harmonious life with “divinely created order” (78). Both jointly control human conduct. Morality prepares the way for the perpetuation of religious beliefs while religion reinforces morality with its supernatural sanctions. Sometimes religion inspires conduct detrimental to social interests. MacIver observed; “A code is religious no matter whether its precepts are concerned with the relation of man to God, as the first four Commandments, or with the relation of man to man, as in the last six when its source is presented as divine authority and its sanction is supernatural, or when the penalty is exacted in the name of religion. At the second definition, normative and universal sense… There are those who focus on less self-interested reasons for which religion may motivate one to act rightly. In an essay by J. P. Morland, Professor of Philosophy of Religion at Talbot School of Theology and Norman L. Geisler, who is Dean of Southern Evangelical Seminary in Charlotte, NC, both of which coauthored The Life and Death Debate: Moral Issues of Our Time (1990), they suggest trying to fulfill both obligations. Its sanction comes from conscience, ridicule or force. It seeks to establish social relationships in which human purposes are linked up with and often subordinated to the assumed will of superhuman powers. According to them, religion and morality had independent origins. Morality and religion should be dissociated. Many people get most of their morality based on religious teachings. On the other hand, those who violate the moral law will be punished by God (78). Check out this awesome Argumentative Essay On “Religion And Morality” for writing techniques and actionable ideas. For example, the moral obligation for remembering a birthday or anniversary, or that woman have rights to equal pay and work would not exist in a society that did not follow a social moral code. Religious persecution of Jews in Germany was morally wrong. It is only crypto religion, pseudo mysticism which appear to be divorced from morality. They are, by their very nature as universal moral duties, binding on us at all times and in all places” (Morland and Geisler). Get Your Custom Essay on Religion and Morality Just from $13,9/Page People do, however, worry about getting caught and receiving blame, additionally, people fear what others may think. One may wonder if society lacked moral beliefs, would they lack religious beliefs as well? The fulfillment of God’s will and the performance of moral action, therefore, are two aspects of the same process. In the previous statement by Arthur, he is suggesting that the people he is describing have religious belief, however, live by no moral code. Many social scientists even hold the view that religion ought to divest itself as much as possible of dogma and supernaturalism and concern itself with the promotion of moral values. He considered supernatural religion to be ill-adapted to modern civilization and to be, in fact, a hindrance to social progress. The argument is mainly on whether morality emanates from an institution or religious background. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. Overall comments and banding is awarded, with justification, and an overall grade. Moral values arrived at by man in the course of living are appropriated by and incorporated into religion. Cannot be used in conjunction with other promotional codes. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. Furthermore, taking all the above into consideration, it would appear that people do not take religious views into consideration when making moral decisions. Morality does not invoke God’s wrath as its sanction. According to John Arthur, who is a professor of Philosophy and also the director of the Program in Philosophy, Politics and Law at Binghampton University, State University of New York, he stated the following: It seems clear that it is possible. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? The Greek Orthodox Church became a bulwark of the tyranny of the Russian Tsars. Therefore, morality means rightness or goodness. “Sin” is associated with religion, “wrong” is associated with morality. Morality cannot be altogether disconnected from religion. Additionally, it is believed that religion creates the motivation to do what is right, because God has rewards for those who comply with His commands. Suppose every day these same people file into their place of worship to pay homage to God (they may believe in many gods or in one all-powerful creator of heaven and earth). To qualify for the discount, you must have paid at least 50% of your order cost by 23:59 on Wednesday 3rd of December 2020 (UTC/GMT). Thesis Statement: Origin Of Morality: Religion And Philosophy. 1st Jan 1970 “We cannot say that either the religious or the moral code came first just as we cannot say that custom preceded morality or law. First of all, morality has three principal definitions. Both groups are motivated by thedesire for honor and glory, and are … Often they can be heard praying to God for help in dealing with their problems and thanking Him for their good fortune. A code is moral when it promulgates standards of conduct that directly derive their sufficient justification from the human interpretation of good and evil.”.