Left to their own devices, fruit trees are self-defeating. PM 203 UFO Sweet Cherry Pruning. Pruning stimulates tree growth, enhances fruit production, and gives a tree a proper shape. Summer Pruning Summer is the time to maintain a manageable tree size and open up the canopy and interior of the tree to light and air circulation (usually June or July in San Luis Obispo County). 2. Always get rid of diseased, damaged, or dead branches. Prune every year to keep the tree within its allotted space and to prevent limb breakage. SUGGESTED PRUNING PRACTICES Young Trees Severe pruning and training of young, nonbearing trees tends to delay fruit production and should be avoided. reproductive (fruiting) growth. Fruit trees that produce “pome fruits,” including apples and pears, have a core of several small seeds surrounded by a tough membrane. Therefore, the more terminals you have, the more fruit … Pruning older wood (e.g. Prune only after the fruit has lost its appeal. Fruit trees are trees! Best when trees are dormant November – March July 15 – August 15 Head back limbs to encourage development of new fruiting wood. Pruning speeds recovery and prevents further damage. However, to grow from seedling to a mature tree in the urban forest, they need our help. Pruning Overgrown Fruit Trees . Summer pruning is usually done from June through August, though the greatest benefits are achieved when summer pruning is completed in early summer, when fruit are still small. Pruning also increases air Mango Pruning in the Top End M. Poffley* and G. Owens, Senior Extension Officer, Crops, Forestry and Horticulture, Darwin * Formerly DPIFM Mango trees do not have to be pruned annually to bring on flowering or increase yield as is the case with deciduous fruit trees. Wait until your tree is dormant to prune it. Prune Those Fruit Trees It’s time to get those fruit trees pruned to insure to encourage good fruit yield. After summer pruning of seven-year-old trees, the leaf-fruit ratio was changed from 20 of 0% thinning to 10 of 50% thinning in an orchard planted at 3.5 x 2 m. TCSA= trunk cross-sectional area. Test your Knowledge PM 201, 202, 203. Fearfulof making a mistake, many people simply avoid it altogether, or indiscriminately cut back plants in a vain attempt to limit their size. by Jim Gormely . Prune trees to specific shapes for best fruit production. 7 years and older) renews a tree’s fruit production capacity - as wood ages, it becomes too twisted and vascular for good reproductive growth. PDF: When to Prune Fruit Trees eBook. Stebbins and J. Olsen This neglected apple tree is 24 feet tall and has a spread of 24 feet (only half the tree is shown). Some were in bad shape; others were 30 feet tall and had not been pruned for years. For trees that bloom in spring from buds on one-year-old wood (e.g., dogwood and flowering fruit trees), prune when their flowers fade. Espalier, High Density and UFO Pruning PDF: Download Pruning Masterclass Worksheet. PM 201 Auxins and Espalier Pruning. A scissor-type shear is less damaging to wood than an anvil type. Skills needed to prune trees properly take time to learn and training to develop. trees with fruit growth and development. They are the largest, oldest living organism on the planet and … Research Institute of Pomology and Floriculture, Skierniewice, Poland. Pruning increases fruit size because excess flower buds are removed and pruning encourages the growth of new shoots with high-quality flower buds. The aim of pruning fruit trees in the home garden is to assist the tree to produce reliable quality crops, with good size fruit on a manageable size tree. Pruning aids in disease control, promotes fruit yield, and enables you to manage a tree’s size. These include: Physiological Responses of Fruit Trees to Pruning. In fact each species or type of fruit tree should be pruned differently. Citrus trees are generally pruned into a central leader or modified central leader shape. R.L. Because the trunk is fairly solid and the tree is basically healthy, it can be restored. Pruning Fruit Tree Basics Pruning of fruit trees is important to develop and maintain productive wood that in turn produces high quality fruit. Pruning an apple or pear tree can be daunting for many gardeners. Pruning and training early in the life of the tree will help establish the desired form of the tree and make future pruning and maintenance less complicated. Pruning is often regarded as one of the most intimidating aspects of gardening. To maintain tree health To increase air flow and light penetration To improve natural form To control size To increase fruit production When to Prune? Although these plants may flower early in the season, you should allow the fruit to develop. Fruit Tree Pruning The Pruning Book (2. nd edition), by Lee Reich, Taunton Press, 2010 .