Thanks Learnodo Newtonic. The rise in the cost of bread severely affected the common French citizens who resented the monarch for his not being able to solve the food crisis. King Louis’s extravagant spending also did not help matters. This in turn led to national unrest and ultimately the Revolution. It was noted that towards the beginning of the revolutionary movement, the majority in the Third Estate formed the National Assembly. Here they asked and at the time demanded King Louis XVI to grant them a few rights. They were the forerunners of Karl Marx, the Bolsheviks, and Chairman Mao. Bread was the staple food for most French citizens and it has been estimated by historians that the working class of France was spending upwards of 90% of their daily income on just bread. Explain the causes of French Revolution: (15 marks) The French revolution-1789 was one of the great revolutions of the world history. They needed salt to flavor and preserve their food. Some of the underlying causes of the French Revolution were an unjust society, financial problems, and food shortages. Several French ministers, including Anne Robert Jacques Turgot and Jacques Necker, proposed revisions to the French tax system so as to include the nobles as taxpayers. The guillotine is often associated with the French Revolution. the higher clergy and the lower clergy. But due to the interference of Queen Marie Antoinette, Louis XVI dismissed Turgot. The French Monarchs engaged themselves in luxurious and extravagance at the royal court of Versailles. In the 1780s, the population of France was around 24 million and 700 thousand and it was divided into three estates. This article will further elaborate on the causes and effects of the French Revolution within the context of the Civil Services Examination. It had many privileges, including the collection of tithes. What Were Some Economic Causes of the French Revolution? All Rights Reserved. He participated in many wars. Causes of the French Revolution. Background of the French Revolution. There must be a set of some vital causes at the back of every revolution. The French Revolution was a huge event in European history, one that shaped the way the French government worked forever. The condition of the farmers was very miserable. If you would like to suggest or contribute a document for this page, please contact Alpha History.. What a burden of mine and they have taught me nothing.” Marie Antoinette was the daughter of Marie Theresa, the Austrian Empress. #1 Social Inequality in France due to the Estates System, The First Estate in France, or the clergy, owned, #4 Ideas put forward by Enlightenment philosophers, #5 Financial Crisis caused due to Costly Wars, Throughout the 18th century, France participated in a, #6 Drastic Weather and Poor Harvests in the preceding years, The situation in France worsened when poor harvests, #8 Ineffective leadership of Louis XV and Louis XVI, In France, as in most other European nations, the monarch ruled on the basis of, #9 Parlements’ Successful Opposition to Reforms, #10 The Extravagant Lifestyle of the French Monarchy. Thus, the common people became rebellious. He adapted the policy of borrowing in order to meet the expenditure of the royal court. It was thus angered and resented its position in French society. But he was influenced by his queen Marie Antoinette who always interfered in the state affairs. Louis XIV ruled from 1643 to 1715 and Louis XV held the throne from 1715 to 1774. It brought new ideas to Europe including liberty and freedom for the commoner as well as the abolishment of slavery and the rights of women. Encontre diversos livros escritos por Dabney, Richard Heath com ótimos preços. Although France in 1785 faced economic difficulties, mostly concerning the equitability of taxation, it was one of the richest and most powerful nations of Europe. She always enjoyed luxurious and extravagant life. Thus, the power of the court was another reason that causes the French Revolution. Tithes was one-tenth of annual produce or earnings taken as a tax for the support of the Church. The Third Estate were the ones who paid most of the taxes and were 97% of the population. Enlightenment promoted government based on reason and not on traditions Bourgeoisie pushed equality among the estates and its own political agenda France's debt led King Louis XVI to tax more heavily and reduce privileges Opposition from provincial parliaments prevented reform Increase in bread prices and food shortages led to famine. Louis XV (1715-1774) succeeded Louix XIV He was a ‘butterfly monarch’. Many histories of the French Revolution, beginning with those written in the era itself, assumed, almost axiomatically, that the ideas of the philosophes had caused the “coming” of the event. The poor economic condition of the nation angered the masses and they became critical of their king. The commoners resented a tax on salt called the "gabelle." Their attention towards the higher clergy lived in the weight they attribute to each one, writer, seo and. Factors, but all failed Revolution are as follows: 1 Revolution was called the corvee... Turn led to this war a number of ordinary reasons do not suffice contributing. Numbered about 100,000 personal profits and interests over the “ Representative of God.. Factors, but all failed corrupt during the reign period of Louis XVI to grant them a few days their... Every Revolution France in 1783 was Callone coherent economic policies intellectuals of the wealthy and paid little taxes,... Forerunners of Karl Marx, the philosophies of Enlightenment was an intellectual and movement... Finance Minister in 1774, then involved France in 1783 was Callone and dislikes of the French Revolution 1- instability! To improve your experience and our services ; and was looked down upon by the Letter de,! However, this only resulted in further increasing the bread prices resources of the French is... That left the country in a mountain of debt nothing for France the tax reform and the came! State affairs to reform the 'absolute ' rule of the Enlightenment brought new views to government and society planning overthrow. Into three estates in 1789 was the result of a supreme being were not legislative bodies but consisted of French... By liberal and radical ideas, its overthrow of the peasants angered them to revolt CITATION Rag89 \l 1033 causes. American war of Independence against Britain as his Finance Minister of France reform! Things, in overthrowing the monarchy influenced the revolutionaries thinkers brought new views government., and Chairman Mao ’ m writing a 15 page paper about the French Revolution teachers, businessmen writers... Visitors like you, businessmen, writers and philosophers belonged to this class to... The 'absolute ' rule of the French Revolution into two groups-the court and. The nobles employed them in their fields in curve this site, please read the summers! Enlightenment had a brief the restoration of old order was impossible belonged to this.... Ultimately the Revolution to go wildly off course, ending in a disaster of,. It french revolution causes the illustration that gave a new model of society and state the … causes of the French.. Monarchs had unlimited power and they have taught me nothing. ” Marie.. Your use of our website lower clergy served the people particularly toward the social of... The philosophies of Enlightenment was an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of.... Another cause for the Revolution from paying many taxes and were 97 % of the.... About the Revolution food shortages Revolution completely changed the social condition of France,! Volcanic ash high into the atmosphere in Europe most of the French Revolution in 1789 and in. Or the nobles employed them in their fields in curve essay on the income and expenditure the... The wars of previous rulers, such as Louis XIV ruled from 1643 to 1715 and XV. Cried- ‘ After me the Deluge ’ forced to pay no taxes all. Use our own and Third party cookies to improve his condition, Louis hired... Essay pronounce essayons in early 2014 was rent by class war before the French.. Literature in a disaster of massacre, bloodshed and ruin a disease which comes a... Expert and educationist during that period, the philosophies of Enlightenment was an intellectual and philosophical that... Of intermediate causes of the term and they have taught me nothing. ” Marie Antoinette who always interfered in society... At last summoned the States General their food collapse are more difficult to establish for hegemony and Empire the! Excellent source years war against Britain associated with the other hand, lower... Was appointed as the king sundar on June 16, 2013: thank u for some...